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The prostate gland is a part of the male reproductive system situated deep within the pelvis below the urinary bladder. It produces a fluid that contains many enzymes including prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and contributes to the fluidity of semen. The male sex hormone testosterone is converted into its potent metabolite, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), in the prostate by the enzyme called 5-alpha reductase. DHT is thought to play a critical role in prostate growth in aging men. The urethra, a tube that carries urine from the bladder for excretion, passes through the prostate. Therefore, swelling or enlargement of the prostate due to any reason presents as urinary complaints and the first indication of prostatic problems.
Key synergy nutrients:
Saw palmetto is extracted from the berries of a tree from the palm family. This plant is well known to improve prostate health due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, saw palmetto has been shown to inhibit 5-alpha reductase enzyme responsible for the conversion of testosterone to DHT. It also works by relaxing the smooth muscles of the urinary tract. This in turn increases the urine flow and reduces the frequency of urination and urinary incontinence. Saw palmetto may also help in preventing hair loss and male pattern baldness.
Pumpkin seed extract also has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and benefits prostate health. Several studies have shown that pumpkin seed extract may help with overactive bladder and reduces related symptoms such as urgency and frequency of urination which are hallmarks of an enlarged prostate gland. Pumpkin seed oil prevents the accumulation of DHT within the prostate gland by inhibiting the activity of 5-alpha reductase.
Pumpkin seed extract also contains healthy fatty acids (omega-3) and minerals such as zinc. The fatty acids help in maintaining healthy cholesterol and blood sugar levels, whereas zinc is an essential antioxidant for optimal prostate health as well as several other metabolic processes in the body.
Along with saw palmetto the pumpkin seed extract may help to reduce the male pattern hair loss in men.
Nettle root extract is well known for its astringent properties and as a urinary tonic. Owing to its anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, and immune-modulating properties it is widely used in a variety of problems affecting the genitourinary tract. The astringent properties of nettle root help in strengthening the muscles of the urinary tract and regulate the capacity of the urinary bladder, optimizing the urine flow and efficient bladder emptying.
The nettle root extract works synergistically with saw palmetto and helps in stabilizing the male hormonal system.
Beta-sitosterol is a type of healthy cholesterol derived from fruits, vegetables, seeds, and nuts. It works along with saw palmetto to regulate enzymes involved in testosterone metabolism. It helps in increased urinary flow, optimum emptying of the urinary bladder, and other discomforts associated with an enlarged prostate. Beta-sitosterol is also shown to reduce the production of abnormal cells in the prostate and induce abnormal cell death.
Beta-sitosterol helps in the regulation and maintenance of healthy cholesterol levels by lowering the amount of LDL (‘bad’) cholesterol. It can also be useful to improve athletic performance and reduce post-workout stress.
Pomegranate fruit extract has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-proliferative properties and may reduce swelling and abnormal cell growth in the prostate gland and induce apoptosis.
In addition to improving the digestive system, pomegranate extract also maintains blood sugar and blood pressure levels within normal limits.
Lycopene is a red carotenoid specifically present in tomatoes, pink grapefruit, watermelon, papaya, and guava. It is a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent.
The anti-cancer potential of lycopene protects the DNA against damage and reduces abnormal cell proliferation in the prostate gland and induces apoptosis.
The cardiovascular benefits of lycopene include the maintenance of normal levels of cholesterol and blood pressure.
Genistein is one of the isoflavones abundantly found in soy-based foods. With its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, genistein has been shown to reduce inflammation and excessive cell growth in the prostate gland and also to inhibit cell invasion.